Early Career

Helping new psychotherapy professionals
by addressing their specific needs across many professional settings.


The Early Career Psychologist domain offers several ways to enhance the experience and membership of professionals in the early stages of their career. In particular, the domain offers three mentoring programs in the following areas:

  • Psychotherapy Practice,
  • Psychotherapy Research, and
  • Teaching and Training.

The mentoring program is designed to help early career psychologists establish and further their careers by building positive and supportive relationships with more experienced members of the Division. Further, it encourages early career psychologists to step into leadership roles in the field of psychotherapy practice, research, and training.

Early Career Psychologist Domain Representative to the Board of Directors

Rayna D. Markin, Ph.D.


Rayna D. Markin, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at Villanova University in the Department of Education and Counseling. She is active in training future clinicians, clinical supervisors, and in mentoring students in research projects. She is a licensed psychologist in Pennsylvania with a part time practice specializing in maternal mental health.

Dr. Markin’s research focuses on the process and outcome of relationally based, dynamic, psychotherapies. She is specifically interested in better defining aspects of the therapy relationship and discovering how these aspects, separately and in conjunction, influence the process and outcome of therapy. Her clinical style is influenced by psychodynamic, attachment, mentalization, and experiential therapies.

Dr. Markin is particularly interested in attachment, in both the context of individual and group psychotherapy, and in parenting interventions for expecting mothers. Dr. Markin’s future research is on maternal attachment to the fetus and how psychotherapists and interventionists can facilitate maternal attachment to the fetus (especially among women with a history of trauma) and the consequence of the mother’s attachment process to the fetus. She is currently working on a grant from the Weils Foundation looking at the links between parental reflective functioning, maternal attachment to the fetus, and the mother’s and infant’s cortisol reactivity, among women with a history of trauma. Dr. Markin is primarily interested in working with expecting mothers, helping them to shape and adjust to their new maternal identity, while working through past attachment experiences in order to better bond with their developing child during pregnancy and post-partum.

Dr. Markin earned her doctorate in Counseling Psychology from the University of Maryland, with Dr. Dennis M. Kivlighan, Jr. as her advisor. Her dissertation work looked at Central Relationship Themes in Group Psychotherapy using the Social Relations Model. During her time as a student at Maryland, Dr. Markin also worked with Dr. Charles Gelso on the Real Relationship in Psychotherapy, from which several journal articles have since emerged. Dr. Markin left Maryland with a love for Group Psychotherapy and an appreciation and curiosity for the Psychotherapy Relationship. Post graduate school, Dr. Markin worked with Dr. Jacques Barber on Transference and Countertransference in Short-Term Expressive Psychotherapy.

Learn more about Dr. Markin here.